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Area Roughness Parameters

Sa (arithmetical mean height)

This parameter is the extension of Ra (arithmetical mean height of a line) to a surface. It expresses, as an absolute value, the difference in height of each point compared to the arithmetical mean of the surface. This parameter is used generally to evaluate surface roughness.

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Height Sa (arithmetical mean height)
Sz (Maximum height)
Sq (Root mean square height)
Ssk (Skewness)
Sku (Kurtosis)
Sp (Maximum peak height)
Sv (Maximum pit height)
Spatial Sal (Auto-correlation length) / Str (Texture aspect ratio)
Std* (Texture direction)
Hybrid Sdq (Root mean square gradient)
Sdr (Developed interfacial area ratio)
Functional Smr(c) Areal material (bearing area) ratio
Smc(mr) Inverse areal material ratio
Sk (Core roughness depth)
Spk (Reduced peak height)
Svk (reduced dale height)
Smr (Peak material portion)
Smr2 (Valley material portion (percentage of the measurement area that comprises the deeper valley structures associated with Svk))
Sxp (Peak extreme height)
Functional volume Vvv (Dale void volume)
Vvc (Core void volume)
Vmp (Peak material volume)
Vmc (Core material volume)
Feature Spd (Density of peaks)
Spc (Arithmetic mean peak curvature)
S10z / S5p / S5v / Sda(c) / Sha(c) / Sdv(c) / Shv(c)

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